JAKARTA – Many parties are refusing new online transport rules, especially online taxis. Rules that will be applied is quite burdensome industry-based innovation, because it can not be denied this industry will need the freedom to develop itself for the better. The online transport industry has mushroomed rapidly in various countries, with this huge change undeniable every government in the world must learn from each other how they apply the rules to this industry, not to mention Indonesia.
Revised Regulation of the Minister of Transportation (PM) No 32 of 2016 considered unfriendly to online transportation. Therefore, the government is asked to learn from neighboring countries.
This was revealed by the Presidium of the Indonesian Transportation Society Mulich Zainal Asikin. According to him during the socialization phase of the revision of PM 32/2016 until now, the existence of the regulation does not provide assurance of legal certainty but instead handcuff business that is disruptive em>.
For example putting an online transport driver into an employee or worker. Though basically this business-based economic sharing that empowers drivers as owner-entrepreneurs.
The classification of online transportation services business by equating it with conventional taxi and public transport business is not appropriate. Because basically disruptive business players use the platform sharing economy.
“At least, there are three points that are impartial to online transport, that is, upper and lower tariff limits, the setting of quotas submitted to each local government and the reverse name of vehicle registration from individual to agency or company.This step is counterproductive to the era of the creative industry , “said Muslich.
Further Muchlich said PM 32/2016 can be the bell of death of the creative industry in Indonesia, especially for online transportation. When there must be a KIR charge, the obligation behind the name of the vehicle registration on behalf of the company or cooperative, and the restrictions on the volume of vehicle engines such as taxis, and the existence of pool ownership make the online transportation business ‘forced’ to engage with the old regulation as has been done by the transport business conventional.
“This is not in line with the spirit of President Jokowi’s joy program that encourages the independence of the populist economy and the creative industries,” Muslich said.
The government was asked to reflect from neighboring countries. Malaysia for example, the country before making the rules on online transportation, they first conduct a study that the result 80% of people prefer online transport than conventional fleets. The reason is that passengers more easily access online services than conventional.
Meanwhile, Singapore goes a step further. They recently allowed conventional taxi firms to apply dynamic pricing mechanisms to their fleets who got orders through applications.
Singapore’s policy makers see that online transport applications are an example of how industry and jobs can be impacted by technology and globalization. This can not be resisted but all business actors must be able to adapt so that conventional taxi industry also keep growing.
“Currently, in Singapore, conventional taxi industry is also allowed to apply dynamic tariffs for travel using mobile applications.This rule is not just about tariffs because basically passengers either online or conventional transportation has the interest to be able to reach the destination safely and affordable price,” said Muslich.
Therefore, said Muslich, it is fitting for the Indonesian government to follow in the footsteps of neighboring countries in responding to the development of online transportation. The prepared rules should reflect the aspirations of all stakeholders. Not just old players in the transportation business, but new players who bring technological innovation and also of course consumers who use public transportation services everyday.