JAKARTA, iNews.id – The emergence of Uber in various countries created disruption in the transportation business sector as well as controversy.

On the one hand, the presence of Uber benefits consumers because it offers cheap rates while creating new jobs for private vehicle owners. But on the other hand, the old players, both business people and taxi drivers feel disadvantaged because of falling income.

Uber is one of the most popular applications operating in many countries. However, a number of countries tightened the conditions for Uber to create an equal business climate. Some also forbid Uber, either partially (city or certain application features) or fully prohibited.

In its place of origin, United States, a number of districts such as Texas and Oregon also had a ban on Uber’s presence even though the local government finally gave green lights with certain conditions. The following is a list of countries that prohibit Uber, both fully and partially compiled from various sources:

1. Australia

Rules regarding Uber in Australia differ in each province. In mid-May 2017, Uber was officially licensed by the Queensland government after being banned. This makes Northern Teritory the only region that has not given the green light to Uber.

2. Belgium

Uber was banned in Brussels in April 2014 and the company threatened to be fined 10,000 euros if it offered a rate not equivalent to a conventional taxi. In June 2016, the European Union suggested that European countries make the ban a final solution. This makes Uber’s position in Belgium unclear.

3. Brazil

Uber’s position in Tango was also unclear after a Brazilian court in April 2015 banned the operation of Uber. A few weeks later the decision was revoked despite still causing legal uncertainty in a number of cities such as Sao Paulo and Rio in Janeiro. In October 2015, the Rio government legalized the operation of “black taxis” even though Uber was still not allowed because it was considered not a taxi company.

4. Bulgaria

The Bulgarian government banned Uber services completely in 2016 because it was considered implementing an unfair business by not paying taxes and giving work contracts to its drivers. However, there are local applicators operating in the country such as OKTaxi.

5. Hungary

Uber services were completely stopped as of July 24, 2016 after the Hungarian government issued a regulation that made the company unable to operate. These rules contain blocking internet access to applications that are considered illegal.

6. England

The UK has implemented a Uber ban in London after the regulator refused to extend the company’s operating permit as of October 1, 2017. The services offered by the company were considered to have no security standards. Not only in London, currently two cities in the UK, Sheffield and York City also oppose the submission of Uber’s permission.

7. Italy

Uber’s operations stopped completely in April 2017 when an Italian court banned the presence of the applicator because it was considered to be implementing an unfair business. At that time, all Uber services which included UberBlack, Uber-Lux, Uber-SUV, Uber-X, Uber-XL, UberSelect, and UberVan were banned.

This decision complements the previous one where the local court banned UberPop in 2015. UberPop allows anyone who does not have a driving permit to be able to withdraw passengers and the price is much cheaper. However, Uber’s appeals came to fruition when the decision was annulled by a higher court in Rome even though UberPop remained banned. Now, the fate of Uber in the country is still unclear.

8. Germany

Uber has been banned in Germany since 2015, but is banned by UberPop.

9. France

In France, Uber operates on a limited basis after UberPop is banned. A number of cities, such as Lille, are preparing to ban Uber. Moreover, the European Union’s high court gave the green light for any city or country to ban the presence of Uber without having to notify the European Union.

10. Turkey

The Turkish government has just passed a rule banning the existence of Uber in the country. Certainty was also obtained after President Tayyip Erdogan stated that Uber could no longer do business in Turkey.