Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – The government is currently working to make online taxi applicators become transportation companies. For this reason, the Ministry of Transportation plans to revise PM 108/2017 or make new rules regarding this matter.
Budi Setyadi, Director General of Land Transportation at the Ministry of Transportation, said that currently his party is preparing a permit letter to the State Secretariat to send a team to Thailand in the framework of a comparative study related to online taxi regulation.
“The minister has ordered me, in the near future I will depart a team to Thailand to see their success story in making regulations regarding the problem of this online taxi. Now it is taking care of his letter to the State Secretariat,” he told CNBC Indonesia, Monday (9/4 / 2018).
In Thailand, the government does not prohibit Uber Car and Grab from operating there. However, since 2016 the White Elephant Government has banned Uber and Grab taxis from operating.
However, since operating 4 years ago, online taxis there have not yet had a legal framework.
Citing researchers from the Thailand Development Research Institute (TDRI), Gunn Jiravuttipong and Natcha O-Charoen, regulatory reforms are still needed in Thailand, focusing on three elements, namely market access, protection of public interests, and fair competition.
Precisely, best practiceIndonesia can actually learn about regulations from other countries such as the United States, Singapore, and the Philippines, where the government has developed a new regulatory framework that aims to promote and legalize a safe and efficient ride-sharing market .
Related to market access elements, the US and Singapore can be examples where both countries have implemented basic requirements for ride-sharing operators , including vehicle registration, inspection, and display of special stickers on driver’s vehicles to help consumers identify registered vehicles.
Drivers must also undergo a background check and apply for a special driving license for public transportation.
Then, for elements of public interest protection, especially for insurance and taxation, Chicago in Uncle Sam’s country can be an example. The city, has required a ride-sharing vehicle to have commercial insurance.
The final element, namely fair competition between the transportation industries, Indonesia needs to learn from many countries that have used a flexible and dynamic pricing system, even for conventional taxis.
However, at the same time, the government also set certain standards such as the obligation of all public transportation drivers to inform consumers of tariffs before providing services.
This becomes important, where conflicts often arise between conventional public transportation and transportationride-sharing , both in Indonesia and Thailand.
The main reasons are usually related to transport fares, where ride-sharing transportation uses a dynamic pricing system (according to market mechanisms), while conventional public transportation must meet the upper and lower price limits set by the government.